Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela
Born Rolihlahla Mandela
18 July 1918
Mvezo, Cape Province
South Africa
Died 5 December 2013 (aged 95)
Johannesburg, Gauteng
South Africa
Cause of death Respiratory infection
Resting place Mandela Graveyard, Qunu
Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nationality South African
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of London
University of South Africa
University of the Witwatersrand
  • Lawyer
  • Activist
  • Politician
  • Philanthropist
Notable work Long Walk to Freedom
Title 1st President of South Africa
Term 10 May 1994 – 16 June 1999
Predecessor F. W. de Klerk
Successor Thabo Mbeki
Political party African National Congress
Movement South African Communist Party
Spouse(s) Evelyn Ntoko Mase(m. 1944; div. 1958)
Winnie Madikizela (m. 1958; div. 1996)
Graça Machel (m. 1998; 2013 his death)
Children 6 (including Makgatho Mandela
Makaziwe Mandela
Zenani Mandela-Dlamini
Zindziswa Mandela-Hlongwane)
  • Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (father)
  • Nosekeni Fanny (mother)
Awards Nobel Peace Prize (1993)
Order of Lenin
Presidential Medal of Freedom

Nelson Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African politician, lawyer, anti-apartheid revolutionary and philanthropist. He served as the 11th President of the African National Congress and first President of the Republic of South Africa after fall of apartheid. Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years by the Apartheid Regime, during that period he gradually became hero, songs and poems were written about him as the black South Africans longed for his release and return. He was the contemporary of Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Anton Lembede. In 1993 Nelson Mandela received a Nobel Peace Prize and in 1994 his book Long Walk to Freedom was published. Nelson Mandela died on 5 December 2013 at the age of 95, at around 20:50 South African time, his death was announced on live television by former president Jacob Zuma.

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